Although the historical profession generally requires that intellectual produc-
tion be recognized on an individual basis, all historians worth their salt are
acutely aware of the crucial invisible labors of collaboration and support
that sustain our work. None of us would be able to do what we do without
our friends, family, and broader political and intellectual communities.
Thus, this short acknowledgment is for me one of the most important-and
sweetest-parts of the book.
I have shared years of graduate seminars, coffee shop discussions, and
telephone conversations about theory, politics, and history with Raka Ray,
Karin Rosemblatt, Roger Kittleson, Blenda Femenias, Rene Reeves, Seemin
Qayum, Sinclair Thomson, Anne MacPherson, Nancy Applebaum, Felix
Matos, and Luis Figueroa. Sarah Chambers, Jim Krippner-Martinez, Olivia
Martinez-Krippner, Lillian Guerra, Ileana Rodriguez, Andy Daitsman, and
Greg Crider were there for much of the process, too. Karin Wulf, Vanessa
Schwartz, Deborah Cohen, Cathy Schaeff, Helen Langa, Bill Leap, and
Cathy Schneider have stimulated me immensely as colleagues and friends in
recent years. The History Department at American University has provided a
supportive community which facilitated my rewriting of the manuscript. The
insights, challenges, love, and never-ending support of Marisol de la Cadena
and Ana Patricia Alvarenga can never be adequately communicated. I can
only say that many of the ideas in this book would never have materialized
without them; often it
is unclear where my thoughts end and theirs begin.
The caring, challenging advising of Florencia Mallon, Francisco Scarano,
and Steve Stern while I was in graduate school pushed me to go further
intellectually than I ever thought possible. It is rare to encounter three people
in one place in the academy who combine respect for passion and political
commitment with such resolute insistence on academic rigor. I have been
extremely lucky to have had them as my advisers and to have them now as
good friends. Their emotional support and creativity as historians continue
to nurture and challenge me.
Other friends in the United States may not have been as directly involved
in the writing process but helped it along in innumerable ways. Deb Coltey,