-:- GLOSSARY -:--:-
ausentes:a general term applied to any Indians not living in their home ayllus
ayllu: the basic unit of Andean social organization; originally an endogamous
group with belief in common ancestry, the aylluwas greatly transformed by
its incorporation into both the Incan and the Spanish empires
cedulareal:a royal decree
compositionde tierras:an official proceeding through which Indian lands were
judged to be vacant, were confiscated by the crown, and were sold to or
awarded to private individuals
conciertodeaprendis:contract creating an apprenticeship
conciertode trabajo:a labor contract
encomienda:a royal grant entitling the holder to commodities produced by an
Indian community
jiador: an individual who guaranteed completion of another's contract
forasteros:Indians and their descendants who left their home ayllus and were
integrated into indigenous society through a variety of relationships with
established communities
forasteroscontierra:in the
1720
renumeration, Indian migrants and the descen-
dants of migrants who had secured access to lands
forasterossin tierra:in the
1720
renumeration, Indians who did not have secure
access to land
kuraka: the leader of an ayllu or other Indian community
mit'a: under the Incas, a form of labor service to the state, understood within the
broader context of traditional reciprocity
mita: the Spanish system of compulsory labor
mitademinas:the labor draft to the mining zones, particularly Guancavelica and
Potosi
originarios: Indians living in the ayllu of their birth
reduccum: a concentrated settlement of Indians from various ayllus, established
by the Spanish government in order to more effectivelycontrol, exploit, and
convert the indigenous population
retasa:a renumeration of an Indian community, with a reassessment of its tax
and labor obligations
tributarios:generally, male Indians between the ages of eighteen and fifty who
owed taxes and labor service to the Spanish crown
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