II -:- -:-
The 1690 Census of the Bishopric of Cuzco
Bishop Don Manuel de Mollinedo y Angulo issued the call for a census of
the bishopric of Cuzco in July 1689. During the following year he received a
total of 134 reports from the
or parishes, in his see (table lID). A study
of the filing dates of the parish responses shows no correlation between prox-
imity to Cuzco and promptness of reply. The last parish to report, Vellille,
Chumbibilcas, was only a few leagues distant from the doctrina of Santo Tomas,
which had submitted its accounts one year before.'
Although the bishop's letter had listed specific items to be included in each
padron, or report, the information sent to Cuzco was neither as standardized nor
as complete as ordered. The reports ranged from one to thirty-nine pages- and
contained such diverse information as a meticulous description of every paint-
ing, ornament, and altar cloth in one parish;" a carefully drawn map of another
parish and its adjacent annexes;" and a supplemental list by name of every
resident of a third.
Unfortunately the request for essential economic and demographic materials
was frequently ignored or misapplied. Parish priests rarely complied with orders
to list by name all agricultural units, such as haciendas or estancias;each cleric
interpreted in his own way the command to enumerate "the people who live in
every town, according to the number of Spaniards and Indians present."6 The
resulting raw data required substantial adjustment to insure a correct population
count. Table 110 indicates the data manipulation performed according to the
following code:
a-No manipulation of the undifferentiated data presented in the text, usually
in the form of a total population of almas or personasde confesion.The
former term gives the total number of "souls" within the parish; the latter
includes only "people capable of making confession," usually Indians over
the age of seven. Three parish reports which list "persons other than
those of confession" indicate that this additional young population may be
as high as 17 percent of the total.
Because of the scarcity of available data
and the irregularity of the undifferentiated entries, no attempt has been
made to amplify the original data. Such totals, however, should be re-
garded as minimal.
Previous Page Next Page