-:- APPENDIX III -:- -:-
The Ayllu Forastero in the Parish Records of Yucay
Working with Latin American parish records is a rewarding but frustrat-
ing process. Inherent problems with loose folios, irregular notations, and erratic
formats have been compounded by decay, neglect, and periodic politically
motivated destruction. 1 Latin American demographers have been known to
regard Western European data runs with awe and envy.
Researchers seeking to consult Peruvian parish records face yet another
problem: control of these
registros,
or registers, remains in the hands of eccle-
siastical authorities, and access to the documents is both highly restricted and
capricious.? In the late
1970S
the situation was further complicated by political
and religious repercussions from the extensive microfilm project conducted in
southern Peru for the genealogical program of The Church of Jesus Christ of
Latter-day Saints, and parish registers in the Archbishopric of Cuzco were
closed. Fortunately, baptismal and matrimonial registers from the parish of
Yucay, Marquesado de Oropesa, were located at the Archivo Arzobispal del
Cusco, buried in a pile of early-twentieth-century catechisms. These registros
provided the data entries analyzed below.
The parish records of Yucay were subdivided
bya..yllu,
or kin-group, with
events from various years included in each section. Local priests identified an
interesting and important
aylluforastero,literally
a "kin-group of the foreign-
born," and clearly distinguished between the ayllu forastero and the town's
indiosforasteros.In
many colonial documents the notation "ayllu forastero" after
an individual's name merely indicated that the Indian involved was not a native
of his current place of residence. Other references to similar groups failed to
discuss their origin or function. The ayllu forastero of Yucay, however, was a
cohesive, complex social group with tribute and labor obligations and access to
local lands. Related documents from the Archivo Arzobispal de Lima describing
the formation and composition of the Yucay ayllu are discussed in the text.
These supporting materials and the data summaries presented below depict an
artificially created but self-perpetuating unit with economic functions and inter-
nal organization identical to those of the traditional Yucay ayllus.
Entry into the ayllu forastero was not universally granted to all non-native
Indians, and although a number of foreign-born men married into the ayllu a
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