-:- PREFACE -:--:-
ago than I like to remember, I wrote a senior
thesis under the direction ofJohn J. TePaske who very gen-
erously gave me microfilm of documents from his beloved Archivo
General de Indias
in Sevilla, Spain. I was fascinated by the
descriptions of the Indian community in colonial Peru, but I kept run-
ning across a word related to Indian migration which had no obvious
meaning: "forasteros." When I asked TePaske what it meant, he told me
to go find out.
That search took me to graduate school and to various archives in
Spain and Peru where I pursued my study of colonial Peruvian social
history and those elusive forasteros. In the process I have come to share
TePaske's love for the
and Sevilla and have, quite simply, become
addicted to Cuzco, Peru. I also have developed and then discarded
successive definitions of "forasteros" as I moved from the simple mean-
ing of "strangers" to a more sophisticated understanding of forasteros as
foreign-born Indians and their descendants who had migrated to and
had been integrated into existing Indian communities. My analysis of
indigenous migration changed as well: my doctoral dissertation empha-
sized the importance of migration within the rural zone of the bishopric
of Cuzco; this expanded study recognizes the impossibility of isolating
rural migrants from their urban counterparts. My postdissertation work
is also marked by a broader realization of the significance of indigenous
migration. In my thesis I identified Indian migration as a form of re-
sistance to colonialism. Although I still insist that the forasteros repre-
sent a form of resistance to Spanish rule, I also recognize the ironic
consequences of their actions and the painful ways in which indigenous
migration actually facilitated, rather than impeded, the spread of impe-
rial authority. The time frame of my study of Indian migration has
remained the same-
570 to
720-a period delineated by a combina-
tion of demographic and social structures which I will identify more fully
The forasteros of Cuzco are, in any sense of the term, "subject
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