Hispanicized white plumage. Interestingly, one of the Hospital ayllus, that
of the Yanaconas, introduced a dance of the Chunchos ("Chuncho taqui")
cannot be established that these Yanaconas had any connection
to the inhabitants of the forested east Andean slopes.
fact, two years later
they performed an "alarde Mexicano." For possible insights into how Ama-
zonian peoples themselves
(as opposed to the highlanders imitating them)
may have regarded feathers as part of costume, see Terence Turner's (1980)
elegant study of contemporary Kayapo body adornment.
Awins de Orsua y Vela ([c. 1735] 1965, 3 :46-50) refers to a festive imper-
sonation of an Inka in which the "ruler" was shaded by a feathered parasol.
Pre-Hispanic rulers were still, at least at times, associated with colorfully
According to Allen (1988, 216), male Andeans in the Quechua community of
Sonqo, northeast ofCuzco, recognize that their adoption of mestizo clothing
(misti p'acha) is symptomatic of the disappearance of the traditional Andean
way of life. One male informant, however, stated: "We'll be fine. The girls
haven't changed their clothes. As long as the women stay with the Runa
p' acha [traditional Andean clothing], our way of life won't disappear."
However, battles between Inkas and Chunchos, also found on colonial-
period I'eros, expressed the wrifrontation of complements and highlighted
the male activity of warfare which would bring order to chaos.
The Caranquis, a.k.a. Caranques and Carangues, are referred to in Romero's
text as the Cananapes of Quito. For more on the Inka conquest of the Caran-
quis, see Murra 1946.
Many chroniclers relate the events of Yawarqocha. Garcilaso ([1609, 1617]
1966,1:566-567), owing to a printing error, gives the name as Pahuarcocha,
but still translates it as "lake or sea of blood." While Garcilaso says that
2,000 rebels were put to death in the lake's waters, Cieza ( 1959, 21)
puts the number of executed at 20,000.
April 1782 a pranmatica was drafted whereby Andeans were prohibited
from using arms of nobility that were not approved by the Camara de Indias;
the pranmatica was ratified in November 1795. Certain clothing was also pro-
hibited as was the display of paintings of Inka royalty. After independence,
the reinvention of the Inkaic past was again taken up and continues today
(as will be discussed in Chapter 9). See Gisbert 1980, 169-186, and Flores
Galindo 1986a and 1986b for more on this topic.
The standard-bearers of San Cristobal, Belen, and San Sebastian wear tunics
with colorful borders of indigenous design, showing them to be of Andean
manufacture. These tunics are untailored according to the native tradition.
Notes to Chapter Eight 255