all dates are bce (before the common era).
ca. 1150
Settlement of the Attic peninsula after the fall of the Mycenaean
civilization (ca. 1177 bce).
ca. 1050
Migration of peoples from the Attic peninsula to the peripheries in
Ionia and Sicily begins.
ca. 1000
David becomes king of Israel.
ca. 960
Solomon becomes king after David.
931
The unified state of Israel splits into the northern Israeli tribes and the
kingdom of Judah to the south.
776
Olympic games in honor of Zeus opened.
ca. 750
City- states (poleis) proliferate all over the Greek territory. Colonies
established in the Mediterranean and the Black Sea coast (Ionian
colonies founded). Phonetic alphabet developed in the Greek
peripheries.
ca. 730
The Iliad and Odyssey composed by Homer in Ionian dialect.
711
Assyria destroys the state of Israel.
ca. 700
Hesiod composes Works and Days and Theogony.
683
In Athens, the term of the archon, or magistrate, is limited to one year,
signaling the stabilization of aristocratic rule.
ca. 660
Age of the lawgivers and tyrants in Greece (until ca. 500 bce).
621
In Athens, harsh laws established under Draco (instability in aristo-
cratic rule).
ca. 600
In Athens, bonded servitude of small and medium landholders pro-
ceeds apace.
597
Babylonian empire rules over Jerusalem (first Babylonian captivity).
Tower of Babel, Hanging Gardens built in Babylon.
594
Reforms of Solon.
586
Babylon destroys Jerusalem, collapse of kingdom of Judah (second
Babylonian captivity).
581
The city- states of Ionia are subjugated by the Lydian empire.
Timeline of the Ancient World
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