Index
agora, 122
agricultural labor, 21, 63
agriculture, 5, 6, 63; irrigated vs.
natural rainfall, 47–52, 76
Alcibiades, 110, 111
Alexander the Great, 102, 106, 115
American townships, isonomia in,
29–34
Anaxagoras, 98, 108
Anaximander, 37, 45, 57–63, 83, 93, 97
animism, 2, 3
Antisthenes, 42, 79
Anytus, accusation of Socrates, 111
apeiron (the boundless), 58, 93
Apology, 119–25
Arche, 57, 88, 92; as air
(Anaximenes), 64, 97, 112; as
apeiron (Anaximander), 37, 59, 93,
97; as fire (Heraclitus), 82, 85; as
number (Pythagoras), 78; as water
(Thales), 37, 58, 59
Arendt, Hannah: American Revolu-
tion and, 32–34; distinction between
empire and imperialism, 105; un-
derstanding of isonomia, 14, 32, 34
Aristophanes, 112, 119
Aristotle, 11, 34–36, 46, 65–67, 79,
126; De Anima, 62; interpretation
of Empedocles, 64; interpretation
of Heraclitus, 88; interpretation of
Parmenides, 90, 96; interpretation
of Pythagoras, 126, 148n8; interpre-
tation of Thales, 58; interpretation
of Xenophanes, 84, 87, 93; The
Metaphysics, 54, 58, 60, 87, 90, 126;
on democracy, 15, 42, 46; The Physics,
62–64; The Politics, 15, 42, 44; teleo-
logical thinking in, 60, 64, 66–67
Asiatic state, 5, 12, 13, 22, 49
Aspasia, 150n3
assembly, 17, 18, 27, 48–51, 106–14,
122
astronomy, 54, 55, 75–77
Athenian empire, 17, 101, 103–10
Athenian philosophy, 11, 38, 41, 87
(see also Plato; Aristotle; Sophists);
agency and, 59; Christian theology
and, 60, 66; ethics and, 42; politics
and, 65; teleology and, 66, 67, 98
Athenian society, 75, 86, 108–22; aris-
tocracy and, 81, 128; contempt for
labor in, 53–54, 63–64, democracy
and, 69, 110, 129; public vs. private
affairs, 114–18, 122; status of
resident foreigners in, 21, 101, 102,
108–9; stratification, class conflict
in, 15, 25, 69, 117; technology and,
41, 53, 63; tribal society and, 105,
107, 118; tyranny in, 103
Athens, as military state, 81; citizen
requirements, 106–7; phalanx tac-
tics in, 20, 107; relation to slavery,
106, 107; role of lower social strata,
20, 21
atomism, 98; recombination and
separation in, 63; relation to
cosmopolis, 99–101; and social
thought, 100–102
Babylon, and origins of Judaism, 1,
5–7, 13–14
Babylonia, and mathematics, 63, 73,
76–77
becoming, 60, 62–67; vs. making,
63, 66; in Aristotle, 62–63; in
natural philosophy, 63, 88–89, 92
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