I have incurred many debts while writing this book. I am happy to
be able to ﬁnally recognize all those who have contributed to it in so many
diﬀerent ways over the years.
First and foremost, without the research assistance of Alberto Haram-
bour Ross, Marcos Fernández Labbé, and Karen Donoso Fritz, all ﬁne his-
torians in their own right, this book could never have been written. I am
deeply indebted to all three for their indispensable research at diﬀerent
times during the years I worked on this project.
My colleagues and graduate students at Stony Brook University, where
I worked when most of this book was researched and written, provided in-
valuable intellectual comradeship. I thank especially Brooke Larson, Paul
Gootenberg, Christopher Sellers, Alberto Harambour Ross, Consuelo
Figueroa, Brenda Elsey, Hernán Prudén, Ana Julia Ramírez, and Enrique
Garguín. The New York Area Latin American history seminar provided a
robust space for intellectual conversation and I beneﬁted from presenting
my work there; I would like to thank Sinclair Thomas, Pablo Piccato, and
Nara Milanich, as well as the Stony Brook cohort named above, for their
suggestions and comments on pieces of this research.
I began thinking about writing this book when I was at Georgetown
University. I am grateful to Georgetown for an important research leave
that allowed me to embark on what would turn out to be years of research. I
am also thankful for the lively intellectual climate provided by the George-
town history department. Conversations with John Tutino, Erick Langer,
and John McNeill were especially helpful.
I beneﬁtted enormously from the feedback I received during presenta-
tions of this work in Chile. I would like to thank especially Jaime Flores
Chávez and Jorge Pinto at the Universidad de la Frontera in Temuco for
their helpful comments and suggestions. I would also like to thank the
Universidad Diego Portales history department and Facultad de Ciencias
Sociales e Historia, who invited me to give talks on my research at the Nor-
bert Lechner Seminar and the Jornadas de Historia de Chile. Discussions
with colleagues who attended these talks helped clarify many issues and
have made the book better than it would have been otherwise.