1 One in three children born to highland women I interviewed did not survive into
adulthood, a rate that was unchanged since colonial times. David Henley, Fertil-
ity, 261.
2 For critiques of teleological narratives and discussion of bypassed or “surplus”
populations whose labor is not incorporated into capitalist circuits of production,
see Henry Bernstein, ‘Changing before Our Very Eyes’ ”; Jason Read, “Primitive
Accumulation”; Gavin Smith, “Selective Hegemony”; Tania Murray Li, “To Make
Live or Let Die?”
3 bps, Sulawesi Tengah Dalam Angka 2010, 103.
4 Indonesia’s cash transfer system is discussed in Juliette Koning and Frans Husken,
eds., Ropewalking; Chris Manning and Sudarno Sumarto, eds., Employment, Living
Standards and Poverty.
5 The role of nonfarm incomes in supporting “farmers” is discussed in D. Bryce son,
C. Kay, and J. Mooij, eds., Disappearing Peasantries?; Benjamin White, Paul Alexan-
der, and Peter Boomgaard, eds., In the Shadow of Agriculture; Jonathan Rigg, “Land,
Farming, Livelihoods, and Poverty”; Henry Bernstein, Class Dynamics, 104– 8.
6 John Markoff, “Skilled Work.”
7 On jobless growth in Indonesia, see Gustav F. Papenek, “Indonesia’s Hidden
Problem.” See also World Bank, Indonesia Jobs Report. On jobless growth in India,
see C. P. Chandrasekhar, “India.” On South Africa, see “Jobless Growth.” For a
global perspective, see ilo, Global Employment Trends 2013.
8 Graeme Hugo, “Indonesia’s Labor.” See also World Bank, Indonesia Jobs Report.
9 Karl Marx, Capital Volume 1, 667– 85. See also Jim Glassman, “Primitive Accumula-
tion”; David Harvey, The New Imperialism; Derek Hall, “Rethinking Primitive Ac-
cumulation”; Derek Hall, Philip Hirsch, and Tania Murray Li, Powers of Exclusion.
10 Terence J. Byres, “Neo- Classical Neo- Populism.”
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