Index
Acequias, 56, 316; definition of, 375
Adelantados, 125–26; definition of, 375
Agriculture: in Chiquitos, 17, 31–39; in
Sonora, 7, 19, 26, 255
Alamos (Sonora), 85, 262, 264–65, 274
Alcabala: definition of, 375; in Sonora, 85
Aldeas, 63; definition of, 375
Almela, Miguel, 70, 71
Altar: presidio of, 276–77; villa of Guadalupe
and, 276–77
Altar Desert: Pinacate, 31. See also Sonoran
Desert
Altar Magdalena river, 31, 312
Altar Valley. See Sonora
Amazonia, 43–44; tribal peoples of, 282
Ancheta, Antonio, 100, 177
Andes, 43–44, 230, 240, 322; Andean high-
lands, 279, 281; chacras in, 249
Anza, Juan Bautista de, 178, 184, 202, 205, 237
Apache, 155, 194, 296; bands of, 17, 164; Cap-
tain Valdés, 186–88; capture of, 127; frontier
wars and, 144, 182, 185–88, 207; peace
encampments of, 260–61; raiding by, 259–
60, 262, 264, 276, 312, 317, 320
Apoderados: in Chiquitos, 79–80
Arawak, 44, 140, 143
Architecture: baroque, 235; in Chiquitos, 65;
domestic, 29, 32, 41–42; public, 29; sacred,
198, 211, 215, 217–19, 222–26; in Sonora, 25,
33, 223. See also landscapes
Areñenos: ‘‘sand people,’’ 31, 318; Hiach-ed,
S-ohbmakam, 32, 254
Arivechi, 105, 145
Arizpe, 61, 263; intendancy of 85, 92, 256, 317;
village of, 99, 105
Artachu, Joaquín, 76, 79
Asunción de Paraguay, 33, 45–46, 53, 96, 127
Athapaskan. See Apache.
Audiencia: definition of, 375; of Guadalajara,
170; of La Plata, 191, 241
Ayllu, 137; definition of, 375; tribute and, 248,
281. See also Tribute
Ayoreo, (Ayoreóde), 124, 143, 325; cosmology
of, 199–201, 206, 215; as Zamuco, 200
Bach, Moritz, 6, 302
Bacoachi (Sonora), 105, 176, 260–61, 316
Baja California, 61, 72, 144, 235, 262
Ballivián, José (President of Bolivia), 299; Bat-
tle of Ingavi and, 299
Bandeiras, 130; or bandeirantes, 130, 132; defi-
nition of, 375
Barbastro, Francisco, 219, 227–29. See also
Franciscans
Baroyeca (Sonora), 264–65
Bartlett, John Russell, 316–21
Basan, Gregorio, 111–12
Batuc, 102, 147
Batucari, 63; monte for, 63
Bautista de Escalante, Alférez, 68–69
Baviácora, 100, 105, 263, 267
Bavispe Valley (Sonora), 104, 147; garrison,
176, 260
Beni, department of, 299–300
Binational Boundary Commission, 294, 297.
See also Frontier
Bisanig (Sonora), 25
Bolivia, 227, 240, 295, 298, 302–3, 306–9, 325;
Bolivian state, 248, 267, 282; eastern low-
lands of, 33, 35, 43, 10, 98, 124, 215, 283, 288,
292, 296, 324; La Plata region of, 76–77;
state, 110
Borderlands, 240, 292, 322; in Chiquitos, 282;
cultural, 162; ecological, 162; international,
297; regional, 295; social and ethnic, 271;
U.S./Mexican, 311–12, 324–25
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