I Waldemar A. Nielsen, The Big Foundations (New York: Columbia University
Press, 1972), p. 50.
2 J. B. Duke's indenture of trust creating the Duke Endowment is included in this
volume as appendix 2.
I Greater detail about these various business interests of Washington Duke and his
sons may be found in Robert F. Durden, The Dukes of Durham, I 865-I929 (Dur-
ham, N.C.: Duke University Press, 1975). Hereinafter cited as Durden, The Dukes.
2 W. R. Perkins, "An Address on the Duke Endowment: Its Origins, Nature, and
Purposes," delivered before the Sphex Club at Lynchburg, Virginia, October I I,
1929. Printed pamphlet in Duke University's Perkins Library.
3 Earl W. Porter, Trinity and Duke, I892-I924: Foundations of Duke University
(Durham, N.C.: Duke University Press, 1964), is authoritative and comprehensive.
4 B. N. Duke to J. B. Duke, December 29, 1893, in B. N. Duke Letterbook, Special
Collections, Duke University's Perkins Library. This letter was written by hand and
the letterpress copy pasted in the back of the letterbook.
5 W. P. Few to J. B. Duke, March 3 1,1914, William P. Few Papers, Duke University
Archives. Hereinafter cited as Few Papers.
6 J. C. Kilgo to W. P. Few,July 13, 1915, Few Papers.
7 J. B. Duke to Board of Church Extension and Board of Trustees, Trinity College,
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