Index
Page numbers in italics refer to illustrations.
abandonment as a threat to workers, 48
abolitionism, abolitionists: academies for, 189,
241n3; modern- day, 30, 60–64, 219n69,
219n70; nineteenth- century, 29
Abu- Lughod, Lila, 84, 86, 227n19
abuse, abusers: of children, 219n67; con-
tinuum of, 5; domestic, 14, 22, 40, 56, 71,
111, 185; emotional, 115; of migrant workers,
7, 9, 29; normalized, 13, 47; physical, 102;
punishment of, 60, 111, 116; relationship,
between victim and, 93–98; reporting
of, 42, 46; trafficking victims and, 226n3,
232n9; unreported, 49; verbal, 103. See also
employers: abuse and exploitation by; ex-
ploitation
activism, activists, 14, 38, 62, 146; anti-
immigration, 199n2; antimigrant, 42; anti-
prostitution, 61, 190; antitrafficking; of
author and other scholars, 24, 25, 207n37;
celebrity, 72; evangelical, 63; for farm-
workers, 38, 46, 54, 58; formerly trafficked
persons as, 33, 81, 105, 122, 135, 146, 171,
174, 183; participant observation and, 21,
25; for sex worker rights, 65–66, 205n25;
suggestions for reader, 193–95; worker- , 41,
48, 49, 53, 60, 174
advocacy, advocates, 5, 14, 24, 134; for anti-
prostitution, 78, 223n102; for antitraffick-
ing, 125, 126; community, 169–70; friend-
ship and, 22; for migrants’ rights, 68, 211n3;
as participant observation, 25; self- , 60; for
sex worker rights, 61, 64, 219n68, 224n110.
See also activism, activists
affective space, 20–21
Africa, Africans, 121, 208n55; corruption in,
150; forced domestic workers from, 8–9, 81,
84, 87–93, 105–10, 111; formerly trafficked
persons from, 161, 165, 180–81; migrants
from, 79, 158; slave trade and, 63. See also
South Africa
African Americans: as chattel slaves, 8; as
farmworkers, 45, 214n30; Jim Crow and, 44
Ager, Alistair, 160, 234n22, 239n22
agriculture, 46, 56, 72; exploitation in, 48;
Florida tomato industry, 216n50; hard work
of, 171; legal labor abuse in, 44; low- wage
workers in, 9, 199n3; men as laborers in, 12,
15; organizations for workers in, 71; pesti-
cides and, 217–18n58; seasonal work in, 80;
as unregulated industry, 31, 194; women
workers in, 210n1. See also farmwork, farm-
workers
Alliance for a Safe and Diverse D.C., The, 38
ambition, ambitiousness, of formerly trafficked
persons, 15, 78
American Civil Liberties Union (aclu), 41,
229n2
Amnesty International, 228n36
Angela (Brazil), as exploited live- in child care
provider, 104–5
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