N O T E S
INTRODUCTION: ORIENTATIONS
1. The Uganda Peoples’ Defence Forces (updf) was formerly called the National
Resistance Army (nra), but was renamed in the 1995 constitution.
2. In their press releases, manifestos and documents, the rebels refer to themselves
interchangeably as the lra, the lra/m, the lrm/a, the lra/lrm and the lrm/lra. In
this book, to keep it simple, I will refer to them as the lra/m (Lord’s Resistance
Army/Movement in references and bibliography), as this is the most common
locution in their documents and statements in recent years. I will however keep the
original titles of their documents, and in my quotations I reproduce the original text
exactly as it is.
3. Dolan (2002b) has questioned the high numbers of child abductees that various
human rights organizations present to the international community. The focus on
the lra/m as a child movement, Dolan points out, enables a kind of downplaying,
even neglect, of the Ugandan army’s own use of child soldiers (see also Furley 1995;
Human Rights Watch 2003a; 2003b).
4. The United Nations has decided upon the following categories of young people.
Adolescents are between the age of ten and nineteen, youth between fifteen and
twenty-four; young people are those between ten and twenty-four, and children,
those below eighteen (see Women’s Commission for Refugee Women and Children
2001: 86, n. 5). O≈cial Ugandan policy defines youth as ‘‘all young persons, female
and male, aged 12 to 30 years’’ (quoted in Women’s Commission for Refugee
Women and Children 2001: 9). The predicament of the many children abducted by
the rebels has been widely covered by various organizations, notably Amnesty
International (1997; 1999) and Human Rights Watch (1997; 2003a; 2003b), and will
not be a central concern of this book.
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