1 Southern News, October 23, 1861; Newmark gives an account of the same case.
Newmark, Sixty Years in Southern California, 309.
2 Southern News, October 23, 1861; Newmark, SixtyYears in Southern California, 305.
3 Southern News, October 23, 1861.
4 Das and Kleinman, Remaking a World, 4.
5 In spite of its other shortcomings, California’s constitution repeated the precise
wording found in the U.S. Constitution. ConstitutionoftheStateofCalifornia, 1849.
6 U.S. Constitution.
7 The San Francisco Alta California gives the date as February 8 and identiﬁed the
posse as being from San Buenaventura. San Buenaventura is the name of the
Mission church in Ventura, and Ventura is located between Santa Barbara and
Los Angeles. Though the account gives no ﬁrst name, the case matches in every
detail. San Francisco Alta California (daily), February 15, 1857; Los Angeles Star, Feb-
ruary 14, 1857; Boessenecker, Gold Dust and Gunsmoke, 128.
8 Los Angeles Star, February 14, 1857.
9 Boessenecker, Lawman, 104; Boessenecker, Gold Dust and Gunsmoke, 68–69.
10 His name was Nemesio Berreyesa. Bancroft refers to him as ‘‘Derassio Berreyessa’’
but cites the same exact date. Bancroft, Popular Tribunals, 1:476.
11 Nemesio is identiﬁed as ‘‘Derrasio Berreyesa’’ in the San Francisco Alta California
and the lynching is dated as having occurred on July 21, 1854. The Alta Califor-
nia report confuses two of the brothers, as the posse may have, and based on
reputation, another one of the brothers by the name of Demaso may have been
an even more likely match. He lived until 1861, when he was killed escaping
San Quentin prison. The initial ‘‘Derrasio’’ account matches every detail as the