Appendix B
Production, Patriarchy, and Ethnicity
in the Bajío Bottomlands, 1670–1685
The analysis of commercial production, patriarchal social relations, and ethnic
amalgamation in the Bajío bottomlands that forms the core of chapter 2 de-
pends on two key sources. An inventory of the estate of don Diego de la Cruz
Saravia made in 1671 details commercial estate operations and complex social
relations of production. That document is published as an appendix in Baroni
Boissonas, La formación de la estructura agraria el el Bajío colonial, 193–214.
Parish censuses for Salamanca, Valle de Santiago, and Salvatierra (and much
of León to the northwest) are transcribed and published in Carillo Cázares,
Partidos y padrones del Obispado de Michoacán. This appendix presents quan-
titative analyses of the inventory and censuses to support the analysis in
chapter 2.
Production and Patriarchy at Valle de Santiago, 1671
The inventory of the estate of don Diego de la Cruz Saravia offers rare detail
about land values, estate operations, profitability, and labor relations around
Valle de Santiago. The extent and variety of de la Cruz Saravia’s properties and
activities make the inventory most revealing of the nature of the commercial
economy and how patriarchy shaped rural social relations. Table B.1 compiles
and organizes all the property included in the document, such as land, live-
stock, and grains.
The inventory also lists tenants, their rents, and their payment status. The
largest group rented small holdings at the Hacienda Grande; most produced
just enough for family sustenance and limited marketing. Six tenants owed no
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