1. Jalan Raya Kuta is the main street that runs north–south through Kuta, Bali’s
most visited tourist destination, located on the western coast of the island’s south-
ern peninsula.
2. The pdi was one of two legal political parties, the other of which was the United
Development Party (Partai Persatuan Pembangunan, ppp), which presented itself
as “Muslim aligned.” These two parties had been formed in 1972, when the gov-
ernment introduced legislation that reduced the number of offi cially recognized
political parties to two. Existing, nationalist-aligned parties, including Soekar-
no’s own Indonesian Nationalist Party (Partai Nasionalis Indonesia, pni) came
together under the aegis of the pdi, and those identifi ed with “Islam” fell under
the ppp. The ruling group, Golkar, was offi cially referred to as a functional group,
not a party, thereby eliding its political interests.
3. This was only the second time anybody had run against Suharto in a presidential
election. In 1992, Berar Fathia stood as a pdi candidate.
4. The book engages literature on popular music scenes, which is fraught with a
tension between, on the one hand, the notion that scenes imply heritage and local
identity and, on the other, more recent eff orts to reconceptualize scenes as part
of a global, mobile culture (S. Cohen 1999: 242–43). In his argument for the latter
defi nition, Will Straw (1991: 369) critiques rock sociology’s ethnomusicological
insistence on linking authenticity with geographical rootedness. Alternatively,
Mark Olson (1998: 271) criticizes Straw for his inattention to the eff ectivity of
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