INDEX
access to pharmaceuticals, 144–48, 165–
69, 185, 189–90, 229nn49–50
ace inhibitors, 135–36, 161, 164–65,
216n18, 229n44
activism, 2, 5, 11, 26, 94, 167, 169. See also
social justice projects
a≈liative self-fashioning, 127
African Americans, 1–2; in cardiology
and cardiac surgery, 40–43; death
rates of, 36, 38, 44–46, 50; discourses
on disease and constitution of, 37–40,
43; diseases of, 88–89; heart disease
rates of, 5, 36–37; racial terminology
for, 20–23
African American Heart Failure Trial
(A-HeFT), 80, 161–65, 170, 176
African American hypertension, 83–106;
as civil rights project, 84–85, 90–95,
103–4; controllable and uncontrollable
factors in, 100–101; as disease cate-
gory, 17, 20, 24, 85–95, 102, 115, 132;
etiology debates on, 48, 85, 89, 95–
100, 211n46; genetic theories of, 20,
48, 83, 100–101, 132–36, 211n46;
multi-drug therapy for, 137, 139–40;
racialized associations of, 30, 84–85,
87–88, 92–93, 210nn31–32; rates of,
87; recordability of race in, 101–6, 164,
185; risk factors for, 100–101,
210nn31–32, 212n65; salt sensitivity
in, 110–12, 132–33; slavery hypothesis
of, 17, 24–25, 107–30, 174, 212nn6–7;
socioeconomic contexts of, 96–98;
treatment for, 87, 89–91, 96, 99–100,
103–4, 106. See also hypertension; Jack-
son Heart Study; thiazide diuretics
African hypertension, 109–10
Afrocentrism, 89
Against Race (Gilroy), 9
Agamben, Giorgio, 36
Agar, Jon, 63
age, 100–101
A-HeFT. See African American Heart
Failure Trial
alcohol use, 100–101
allhat. See Antihypertensive and Lipid
Lowering Treatment to Prevent Heart
Attack Trial
allostasis, 98–99
altace, 229n44
Althusser, Louis, 102, 124–25
American College of Surgeons, 41
American Heart Association (aha):
Council for High Blood Pressure Re-
search of, 93; formation of, 30–31,
200n9; on risk factors for hyperten-
sion, 100–101; Scientific Sessions of,
197n19
American Indians, 14, 92, 133
American Medical Association (ama), 41
American Society of Hypertension (ash),
21, 83–85, 93–94, 113–14, 197n19
American way of life, 2, 29, 79–82; as an
unequal democracy, 14, 40, 146, 150,
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