Adorno, Theodor, 305
Aerosmith: “Crazy,” 114–16; “Janie’s
Got a Gun,” 127
African Americans: on film, 21–23;
jukebox films and, 33, 35; repre-
sentations of, 23–24; on television,
20–21, 239–40
Aikakone: Keltainen, 181–82
Alan Freed’s Big Beat, 238–39
Alasuutari, Pertti, 177
Aloha from Hawaii, 253–54, 257–64
Alternative music: 76, 88–89; on mtv,
312, 315; pastiche and, 311–12, 315
Altman, Rick, 5, 202
American Bandstand, 43, 240–51
Amos, Tori: “Spark,” 76, 78–80
Anderson, Benedict, 201
Anderson, Laurie, 85; The Nerve Bible,
101; The Puppet Motel, 101; United
States, 101; “Zero and One,” 101
Ang, Ien, 202
Aphex Twin: “Windowlicker,” 98
Arnheim, Rudolph, 141
Art: and popular music, 276–77, 281–
82; and purity, 270, 284
Asafyev, Boris, 184
Audience: jukebox films, 52; music
video, 53–54, 165–66; television, 52–
53, 215–16; and vjs, 211–15, 221
Audio-vision, 7, 60, 61–62–66, 70–75
Autechre: “Second Bad Vilbel,” 100
Auteurism, 286, 304–16
Authenticity, 243, 273–79, 284–85, 295,
301
Avant-garde: and music video, 85–86,
89, 98; and popular art, 83–84
Back, Les, 179
Ball, Hugo, 90
Basil, Toni, 104
Bayer, Samuel, 310
Beastie Boys: “Sabotage,” 76, 308–11,
321. See also Jonze, Spike
Beatles, the: “All You Need Is Love,”
256
Beck: “Devil’s Haircut,” 308. See also
Jonze, Spike
Becker, Julie: Suburban Legend, 66–67
Beebe, Roger, 286
Ben Folds Five: “Brick,” 122
Benton, Brook: “Mother Nature,
Father Time,” 50
Berland, Jody, 32–33, 53
Bernstein, Adam, 89, 93
Berry, Elizabeth Mendez, 295–96
Bjork: “All Is Full of Love,” 107; “Army
of Me,” 106; “Bachelorette,” 105;
“Cocoon,” 107; “Human Behaviour,”
105; “Hyperballad,” 106; “Isobel,”
105; “It’s Oh So Quiet,” 106, 308;
“Jóga,” 106; “Venus as a Boy,”
106; “Violently Happy,” 107. See
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