appendix 4
Very Brief Filmography of Pearl Harbor Official and Feature Films
1943 December 7th (long version). Directed by John Ford and Gregg Toland. U.S.
Navy. 83 minutes. In 1943 John Ford recruited cinematographer Gregg Toland
(Citizen Kane, The Grapes of Wrath) to direct the war department’s film about
Pearl Harbor. Despite the lack of actual combat footage of the attack, filming
on- site in Hawai‘i produced an 83- minute feature, including an overview of
twentieth- century Hawai‘i. The film’s use of mock footage to re- create the
battle has been used by many other films. For vari ous reasons it was never re-
leased. John Ford sal vaged parts of it for a short documentary released in 1943.
1943 December 7th (short version). Directed by John Ford with film production
from Gregg Toland. U.S. Navy. 37 minutes. The short version of December
7th was produced by John Ford, editing down the long version for war time
fundraising and morale- building campaigns. Released in 1943, it received an
acad emy award for best short documentary in 1944.
1970 Tora! Tora! Tora! Richard Fleischer, Toshio Masuda, Kinji Fukasaku. Hollywood:
Twentieth Century Fox. 143 minutes. Tora! Tora! Tora! was a binational produc-
tion that attempts to tell the story from both sides of the Pacific. The American
director Richard Fleischer worked with the Japa nese director Akira Kurosawa,
before he withdrew and was replaced by Toshio Masuda and Kinji Fukasaku.
1980 USS Arizona Memorial orientation film. Produced by the U.S. Navy for Na-
tional Park Ser vice Visitor Center. Honolulu, HI: 25 minutes. Not for sale.
1992 USS Arizona Memorial orientation film. How Shall We Remember Them?
Directed by Lance Bird, American Studies Film Center. Produced by National
Park Ser vice. 23 minutes. Not for sale.
2001 Pearl Harbor. Michael Bay, director; Jerry Bruckheimer, producer. Walt Disney
Studios. 183 minutes. Pearl Harbor created a big marketing sensation in the
spring and summer of 2001. The film relies heavily on special effects and lots
of explosions. Randall Wallace (Braveheart) wrote the script around a classic
love triangle involving Ben Affleck, Josh Hartnett, and Kate Beckinsale.
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