Introduction. memorializing history
1. The panel, or ga nized by the Hawai‘i Museum Association, included three museum
professionals offering critiques of the new exhibits with responses from three members
of the National Park Ser vice team who oversaw the design and installation.
2. Except where individuals are identifiable from their public status, I have used
pseudonyms throughout.
3. In line with usage adopted in current scholarship on indigenous Hawaiians (Tengan
2008, 229n2), I use the capitalized phrase Native Hawaiian to refer to people who self-
identify as indigenous based on descent from ancestors residing in Hawai‘i prior to the
arrival of Eu ropeans. The Hawaiian language term Kānaka Maoli is often used to refer to
Native Hawaiians to clarify distinctions between those indigenous to the land and those
who reside in Hawai‘i. However, for purposes of communicability, I opt for the En glish
language phrase, capitalized to distinguish it from the less specific meanings of “native.”
4. “Information for 9/11 Family Members,” the National September 11 Memorial and
Museum at the World Trade Center Foundation, Inc., accessed June 14, 2015, http://
www . 911memorial . org / information - 911 - family - members.
5. “The United States Vietnam War Commemoration,” U.S. Department of Defense,
accessed July 15, 2015, http:// www . vietnamwar50th . com.
6. Sheryl Gay Stolberg, “Paying Respects, Pentagon Revives Vietnam, and War Over
Truth,” New York Times, October 9, 2014, accessed July 15, 2015, http:// www . nytimes
. com / 2014 / 10 / 10 / us / pentagons - web - timeline - brings - back - vietnam - and - protesters
- . html.
7. For a recent example, consider the controversy over a revised “curriculum frame-
work” released in the summer of 2014 by the College Board to guide teachers preparing
their students for Advanced Placement history exams. A recent article about this began
with the very familiar refrain: “Navigating the tension between patriotic inspiration
and historical thinking, between respectful veneration and critical engagement, is
an especially difficult task” (James R. Grossman, “The New History Wars,” New York
Times, September 1, 2014, accessed June 14, 2015, http:// www . nytimes . com / 2014 / 09 / 02
/ opinion / the - new - history - wars . html).
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