acknowl edgments
If books are journeys, then this one is best described as an odyssey— a project
that at first seemed quite modest in scope but eventually turned into twenty-
five years of increasingly immersive involvement with the national memorial
to the Pearl Harbor bombing attack. What began as a proj ect with casual obser-
vations in 1991 and a small grant for fieldwork at the uss Arizona Memorial in
1994 developed, perhaps inevitably, into multiple projects and collaborations.
Along the way I was invited in 2001 to join the nonprofit organ ization that
partners with the National Park Ser vice (nps) to assist in the development of
education programs associated with the memorial, opening up opportunities
to work with an even wider range of people and organizations. Needless to say,
it is not pos si ble to summarize this journey in any simple way, except to say
that this sort of long- term, engaged fieldwork spawns many friendships and
collaborations that can’t be adequately acknowledged.
One of the arguments of this book is that memorial sites and activities are
fundamentally social in nature. A corollary of this argument is that insight
into the operations of the kinds of “collective memory” that emerge from such
sites requires engagement with the people and communities involved in the
memory- making. The research for this book has its roots in the open attitude
toward research among members of the National Park Ser vice at the uss Ari-
zona Memorial (and currently the World War II Valor in the Pacific National
Monument), as well as the Pearl Harbor survivors and others who work there
as volunteers. Among the latter, Everett Hyland, Richard Fiske, Bob Kinzler, Ray
Emory, Richard Husted, Stanley Igawa, Joe Morgan, Herb Weatherwax, Sterling
Cale, and Jim and Yoshie Tanabe, became friends as well as con sul tants.
The members of the National Park Ser vice who helped out with informa-
tion and advice are too numerous to name individually, but a few stand out.
The support of a sequence of superintendents— Donald Magee, Kathy Billings,
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