Pensionado Pacifico Laygo’s image of native Philippine people memo-
rializing the intimacy between a U.S. soldier and a Philippine antico-
lonial insurrecto that closed chapter 5 resonates with Michel Foucault’s
tropes of how critical knowledge production can emerge out of archival
matter in the face of institutionalized epistemologies. The cross-­racial,
same-­sex intimacy between these soldiers was buried, I have suggested,
in a shallow grave; their “deep embrace,” put in the ground but “left to
lie fallow,” was meant to be recovered at a future time, and perhaps, as
in our case, from some other place. In his “Society Must Be Defended”
lectures of 1976, Foucault describes his genealogical method as appre-
hending “the insurrection of subjugated knowledges.” By “subjugated
knowledges,” Foucault means “historical contents that have been buried
or masked in functional coherences or formal systemizations” and, quite
differently, “knowledges that have been disqualified as nonconceptual
knowledges  .  .  . ​knowledge[s] that [are] local, regional, or differential.”1
What Foucault points to ­ here are, on one hand, historical matters that
CONCLUSION
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