INDEX
Act 519 (1902), 45–46
Act 854 (1903), 172–73, 188
Addams, Jane, 159–60
Ade, George, 131, 135–36, 144–45, 152–53,
159–63, 164. See also Sultan of Sulu, The
(Ade operetta)
African Americans: as hypersexual, 105;
marriage bans, 14; masculinity, 106;
metroimperial culture on, 4, 179–80,
241n78; soldiers, 179
Aguilar, Andres, 194–99
Aguinaldo, Emilio, 20, 42, 145, 174, 190,
195; in po­liti­cal cartoons, 107–11, 108–9,
114–16, 115, 120, 122, 123, 124, 128–29, 132
Ahmed, Sara, 123–24
Alaska, 39, 221n9
Alcazar, C. M., 179
Alexander, M. Jacqui, 3, 29
America Is in the Heart (Bulosan), 157, 171
Americanization, 100, 146
Anderson, Benedict, 8–9, 174
Anderson, Warwick, 54, 126, 127, ­ 177
anti-­cross-­dressing laws, 35–36, 42, ­ 139
Anti-­Imperialist (magazine), ­ 132
Anti-­Imperialist League, 22, 144–45
antimiscegenation laws, 15, 25, 41, 171, 176
Araneta, Jaime, 177
Araneta, James Charles, 175
Arizona Republican (newspaper), 174
Arondekar, Anjali, 31, 250–51n14
Articles of War, 58–60, 81, 82, 93
Artie (Ade), 144
Ashburn, Percy, 56–57, 76–77
Asian immigrants, 15–16
Atlanta Constitution (newspaper), 28
Babe Bean. See Garland, Jack Bee
bachelorhood: Chinese societies, 15, 41–42;
estrangement and, 162–63; homosexual-
ity and, 136; repre­sen­ta­tion of, 159–60
bakla, defined, 90
Balce, Nerissa, 25
Baldoz, Rick, 26
Bandholtz, Harry Hill, 66, 69–70, 72
Barrows, David, 169
Bates, John C., 132, 140–41, 154
Bates Treaty, 131–32, 136, 137, 152
Bederman, Gail, 3
Beebe Bean. See Garland, Jack Bee
Belkin, Aaron, 54
benevolent assimilation, 12, 177–78; biopoli-
tics of, 171; homosocial intimacy and, 172;
pensionados and, 172, 184, 186; Philippine
fashion and, 102; Reese case and, 63, 80;
sodomy and, 52–53; U.S. imperialism and,
9, 18–19, 21, 41, 115, 121–22; violence and, 22
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