INDEX
Page numbers in italics refer to
illustrations.
Acosta, William, 222–24
activism, political, 102–5, 133–34
Adams, Joe, 146, 147, 157, 159, 243, 245,
323n113
African Americans and blacks: Anglos
and lifestyle of, 164, 323n119; black
power radicalism and, 227–28; Chi-
cano history and, 2; cholos and, 171–
72; consumer ethic and, 94, 311n149,
312n155; cultural aesthetic of,
294n24; cultural resilience and cre-
ativity of, 322n106; dance and world-
view of, 17; jazz and race and, 197–
200; jive and hep cat terminology
and, 84, 297n62; meaning of terms,
9; postwar demographic shifts in
population of, 24, 217; R & B and,
146–51, 159–60, 164–65; slick
chicks and, 89; Valens and, 190; zoot
suit origins and, 70–71
African Americans and Mexican Ameri-
cans: black power radicalism and,
227–28; blacks passing as Mexican
American, 69; bonds between, 4–5,
149–50, 159–60; cultural borrowing
between, 5, 7, 88, 171, 173–74, 211;
ghettoization and, 217; jazz and, 200;
legal system and, 63; musical influ-
ences and, 52–53, 82; pachucos and,
110–13; in postwar Boyle Heights,
148–49; workforce competition
between, 42–43, 50–51
Afro-Caribbean music, 235–37, 246. See
also Latin music
Ali, Bardu, 159, 323n114
Aliso Village–Pico Gardens, 24, 296n59
All City Junior High School, and All City
High School Orchestras, 29–30
Alpine Street barrio, 66, 84
Alvarez, María Olivas, 52, 75, 89, 105,
106, 157, 216–17, 289
American Bandstand, 186, 187
American Council on Race Relations
(acrr),
135–36
American Federation of Musicians, 41–
43, 301n139. See also Local 47 union;
Local 767 union
Americanization, 22, 57, 91–92. See also
assimilation
American Veterans (AmVets), 123
Angelus Hall, 35, 118, 148, 264
Apollo Theater, 161, 166, 187, 237,
325n172
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