370 Index
Aragon Ballroom, 39, 40, 65, 66, 252
Arenas, Arthur, 35, 37, 83, 84, 96
Armenta Brothers, 33, 123, 148, 234,
242; Manuel, 315n222
Army, U.S. See military service
Arnaz, Desi, 237, 275
assimilation: bicultural, 97; class and,
264; meaning of, 9; Mexican culture
and, 54; middle-class organizations
and, 102–5; pachucos and pachucas
and, 92; squares and, 102
athletics, 104, 108, 137
Atlantic Boulevard, 253–54
automobiles, 77, 94, 152, 177, 210,
311n149
Avedon Ballroom, 158, 234, 241
‘‘Babalu,’’ 161, 237
Baiz, Jim, 250, 269, 270, 273
Barker, George, 97–98, 102, 115,
313n170, 316n266
Barrientos, Richard, 253; on Cano, 273;
descargas and, 246; ethnicity and,
340n99; Latin music and, 159, 254–
58, 274, 276–77; marriages of, 279;
on Sesma, 268; on Touzet, 270
barrios, 5, 128, 138; freeways and, 11, 213,
219, 334n130; study of (1957), 213–
16; Westside, 39, 300n128
Basie, Count, 15, 16
‘‘battle of the bands,’’ 35, 56, 147, 192, 253;
as ‘‘saxophone battles,’’ 161, 161, 181
Beatles, 192, 211
Beats, 207, 333n101
Belmont High School, 158, 164
Benny Goodman Orchestra. See Good-
man, Benny
Berg, Billy, 67, 68, 258, 305n13
Bernal, Gil, 1, 161, 165, 203; background,
160, 325n168; career of, 161–65,
201–4; on Desi Arnaz, 237; Holly-
wood and, 325n172; on musician-
ship, 289; on Trini Lopez, 273
big band. See swing
Birdland, 193, 201
black and white balls, 35–36
blacks. See African Americans, blacks
Bloch, Rene, 42, 159, 241, 249–53, 279
blues, urban, 174–75. See also R & B
Board of Education, City of Los Angeles,
224–25
Bobo, Willie, 248, 254, 269
bolero, 234, 265–66, 267
boogie woogie, 119, 318n29
Bowron, Fletcher, 17, 72–73, 139–45
Boyle Heights: car customizing in, 152;
demographic changes in, 121–22,
212, 221; Latin music in, 253; Mexi-
can music in, 51, 156; music educa-
tion in, 19–24; 1930s bands in, 33;
overview of, 18–19; pachucos and
squares in, 102; race conflict in, 136;
Watts vs., 25
Brac, Lucie. See Frias, Lucie Brac
bracero workers, 221, 233–34, 337n19
Brambila, Tudy, 150, 207, 213, 328n25
Brando, Marlon, 202, 207
Broadway Palace, 253, 254, 258
Browne, Samuel, 27, 31–32, 249,
298n87, 321n92
Buckner, Milt, 161, 166
Caceres, Ernie, 49
Californian Club, 256, 258–59
California State Assembly Industrial
Relations Committee hearing, 222–
26
Calloway, Cab, 71, 114, 175
caló: etymologies of, 309n111; in mili-
tary, 316n266; in pachuco boogie,
126–28, 131–32; pachucos and, 84–
89, 114, 116; use of, 309n104
Cal Tjader Mambo Quintet, 249, 254–55
Cano, Eddie, 271; The Best of Eddie Cano,
272, 272; boogie woogie style and,
126; classical music and, 141; Latin
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