Appendix B
chronology
1758
Execution of François Mackendal
1776
Declaration of Independence of the United States of America
1787
Constitution of the United States of America
Foundation of the Society for E√ecting the Abolition of the Slave
Trade, an uno≈cial extension of the Quaker slave trade commit-
tee, in England
1788
The Société des Amis des Noirs is formed in France
1789
Fall of the Bastille, July 14; Declaration of the Rights of Man and
Citizen, August 26 (France)
1791
French Assembly extends political rights to freeborn men of
color
Insurrections in the Northern province of Saint Domingue, Cap
Français burnt to the ground
1792
Fall of the French monarchy; proclamation of the Republic, Aug.
22
1792–93
France at war with Austria, Prussia, Britain, Holland and Spain
1793
Saint Domingue rebels join Spanish side; Sonthonax publishes
general emancipation decree in the North, August 29 (Saint
Domingue)
Girondin purge, trial and execution of Brissot (France)
1794
French Assembly passes law banning slavery, February 4; Tous-
saint switches sides from Spanish to French; execution of
Robespierre, Saint Just, and fellow Jacobins, July 28
1795
Treaty of Basle: Spain cedes Santo Domingo to France
Thermidorian Constitution, Aug. 22; National Assembly dis-
solved; Directory established (France)
Major slave rebellions in Venezuela, Cuba, Puerto Rico, Cura-
çao, Demerara; conspiracies in Santo Domingo, Trinidad, Loui-
siana, Bahamas
1797
Toussaint Louverture appointed governor-general, May 2
1799
Civil war between Toussaint Louverture and Rigaud; Bonaparte
overthrows Directory (France)
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