This book is the result of over ten years of research, writing, and discus-
sion. Many people and institutions provided support along the way to the
book’s final publication. I want to thank the UCLA International Institute and
Getty Museum for their wonderful summer institute, “Constructing the Past
in the Middle East,” in Istanbul, Turkey in 2004; the Getty Foundation for
a postdoctoral fellowship during 2005–2006; and the Graham Foundation
for Advanced Studies in the Fine Arts Grant Award for a subvention grant
toward the costs of publishing this book. I would also like to thank my home
institution, San Francisco State University (SFSU), for providing me with a
Presidential Award for Professional Development in 2007, and SFSU deans
Keith Morrison and Ron Compesi for making my professional leaves possible
and for their encouragement.
My mentors at UCLA were a constant source of support for my research.
Robert L. Brown, my dissertation advisor, offered me his enthusiasm, trust,
and unwavering encouragement. Irene Bierman-McKinney’s passion for Is-
lamic architecture and her innovative approaches to its study helped me dis-
cover my love for Mughal architecture and shaped this project. I also thank
Donald Preziosi, Swati Chattopadhyay, Robert Nelson, and Tapati Guha-
Thakurta for their guidance at different stages of my research and writing.
In India the American Institute of Indian Studies (AIIS) facilitated my
travel and provided me with a place to stay and exchange ideas with fellow
researchers while in New Delhi. At the Indian National Trust for Art and
Cultural Heritage (INTACH) I wish to thank Jahnwij Sharma and Ashis
Banerjee. Dr. R.C. Agrawal at the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI), and
the staff at AIIS helped open both front and back doors at the Mughal monu-
ments. Mr. R.K. Dhiksit and Mr. R.L. Kohli in the Agra Office of the ASI
afforded me the rare opportunity to observe the behind the scenes activities
at the Taj Mahal and the Agra Fort. The staff at the National Archive, the
Nehru Memorial Library, and the Delhi State Archives extended their help
and guidance in accessing collections. I also thank Purnima Mehta, Amita
Baig, Adnan Khan, O.P. Mahour, and Radheshyam Gola.