index
Pages denoted by ‘f indicated figures.
Abu Talib Kalim (poet), 23; poem
about Red Fort of, 23
Advani, L. K., 1
Agra (Indian city): between 1803 and
1857, 49; Hodges and, 35–41; Mir
Taqi Mir (poet) on, 35–36, 40–41;
Nazir Akbarabadi (poet) on, 46–48
Ahmad, Deputy Nazir, 170, 195 n. 1
Ahmad, Muslim, 170–72, 172f, 195 n. 3;
Bashiruddin Ahmad Dehlavi and,
170–71
Ahmad, Na’im, 27
Akbar (Mughal emperor), 7, 38, 92–93,
107; Muslim League rejection of, 119;
Nehru on, 137; use of Sufi tomb by,
for Hindu-Muslim communalism,
142–43
Akbar’s tomb in Sikandra, 37–40, 39f,
42, 49; restoration of, 70
Ali, Ahmed, 129–31
Aligarh Muslim University, 121, 141,
166
Amber (city), 79–81
Ambivalence, 35, 37, 57, 60; post-upris-
ing, 102; subjectivity and economic
development and, 146
Ancient Monuments and Archaeologi-
cal Sites and Remains Act of 1958,
154
Ancient Monuments Preservation Act
of 1904, 69
Archaeological Survey of India (ASI),
15; Fatehpur Sikri and, 58–59; Islamic
categorization of monuments by,
52–55; Lord Curzon and, 61, 63–69;
methodologies of Burgess vs. Cole
and, 55–60; Mughal monuments
and, 51–55; Sir Sayyid and, 100
Ashoka, 92
Athar al-sanadid (Khan, Works of the
Nobles), 96–100
Aurangzeb (Mughal emperor), 21, 165
Aurangzeb’s mosque: Hodges and,
31–34, 65
Awqaf. See Waqf and awqaf
Azad, Maulana, 125, 133–34
Babri Masjid (sixteenth-century
mosque): destruction plot and, 3–4,
164–67, 179 n. 4, 194 n. 43; as differ-
ential space, 12; Hindu nationalists
and, 1; nasheed (song) on loss of, 11;
Singh on, 1
Babur (Mughal emperor), 164–65
Bachchan, Amitabh (Hindi actor),
174–75, 195 n. 5
Bagh Kalali (mosque), 117
Bahadur Shah, 50, 87, 127, 131–32, 183
n. 53
Baig, Amita, 155
Benares (Indian city): Aurangzeb’s
mosque, 31–34; Hodges and, 31–34;
View of Benares with Aurangzeb’s
Mosque (painting, Hodges), 18f, 19,
20f
Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), 1, 164–67
British East India Company, 22, 29, 32,
41, 51, 96, 107
British power, 3, 14–15, 32–33, 35, 41, 44,
47–48, 67; in the eighteenth century,
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