aaa Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC
bha Camille Billops and James V. Hatch Archives, Emory University,
eba The Estate of Benny Andrews, Brooklyn, NY
mmaa The Metropolitan Museum of Art Archives, New York, NY
MoMA Archives, NY The Museum of Modern Art Archives, New York, NY
scrbc Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture, New York Public
Library, New York, NY
wmaa Archives Whitney Museum of American Art, Francis Mulhall Achilles Library,
Archives, New York, NY
wufma Washington University, Film and Media Archive, St. Louis, MO
Epigraph: Benny Andrews, interview by author, Litchﬁeld, CT, July 14, 1999.
1. See Steinberg, “The Liberal Retreat from Race during the Post– Civil Rights Era,” 14.