'Research, personal communication, Noenoe
'Silva, Noenoe K., "Kanaka Maoli Resistance to Annexation," in
Protesting Annexation, to be published by 'Ai Pohaku Press, Honolulu, 1998.
1The migration story in the Pacific typically embraces three thousand or so years. The
development of DNA research seems to be doubling the time frame as this book is being written.
'There are also interesting hints that one or more Japanese shipwrecks had floated ashore
in Hawai'i before Cook's arrival, and that a Dutch shipwreck likewise made it to Hawai'i.
'S.M. Kamakau, newspaper columns eventually translated and published as Ruling Chiefs
of Hawaii, Revised Edition, 1961, p. 175.
Lilikala Kame'eleihiwa, Native Land and Foreign Desires, Pehea Lii E Pono Ai?, Honolulu:
Bishop Museum Press, 1992, p. 52.
'Lili'uokalani, Hawai'i's Story, p. 1.
'Kamakau, 1961, p. 162.
Kamakau, 1961, p. 180.
Actually for the second time.
"More accurately, she was given in a hiinai relationship, for which there is no real cultural
equivalent in Western adoption.
Miller, Nathan, Theodore Roosevelt, A Life, 1992, New York: Quill/William Morrow, p. 99.
Autobiography, New York: DaCapo Press, originally published 1913,
new edition 1985, p. 94.
Miller, 1992, p. 200, quoting Frederick Jackson Turner.