See Brown and Kohn 2008 for a collection of personal
stories from Delaware people about their experiences
through termination and recognition.
I have chosen “Native peoples” for this project to mark a
focus on the indigenous peoples of lands now occupied by
the United States. It is not a stable referent in the politics
examined herein, any more so than “indigenous,” “Indian,”
or “aboriginal” would be. In fact, part of the story told in
subsequent chapters will be about how others are forced in
and out of the “Native” category in legal struggles for sov-
ereignty and self- determination.
For related tales, see Taylor 1998 and Owens 1998.
I am indebted to the theorization of the nation and its
never- completed representational work at maintaining
itself as a totalizing political force by Homi K. Bhabha in his
“Introduction: Narrating the Nation” in Nation and Narra-
tion (1990), and by Benedict Anderson in Imagined Commu-
This is incredibly ironic given the fact that the colonial na-
tions of North America and Europe demanded that Na-
tive peoples transform their governments, legal practices,
and religions in order to secure their seats at the proverbial
negotiating table. See Silva 2004, 36.