Aboriginality, 222–23
Act for the Government and Protection
of the Indians (California), 149
Adamson, Rebecca, 226
Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act of
1971, 4, 39
Alfred, Taiaiake, 13, 215–16
Allotment policies, 88–93; blood quan-
tum and, 4, 88–89; Cherokee tribe
and, 55, 59; Indian Citizenship Act
of 1924 and, 93
Almaguer, Tomás, 180
American Indian Rights and Resources
Organization (airro), 182–84
Anderson, Larry Sr., 205–8
Anti- Indian rights movements, 147–48;
political strategies used against, 161–
62; reverse racism logic and, 153–54;
Stand Up for Californians and, 160–
62; white privilege and, 160
Apis, Pablo, 161, 165, 167–77
Aristotle, 7
Articulation, 2, 6–7, 15, 113, 144, 146;
“Indian Tribe” recognition and,
27–29, 217; Native marriage tradi-
tions and, 196–98, 212–16; Native shift
to antagonistic radical democratic
politics and, 10, 217–22, 225–28; re-
articulation, 9–10, 27–29, 217. See also
Disenrollment; Membership; Recog-
nition; Traditions
Assimilation policies, 86–88
Baca, Bill, 130–31
Baehr v. Lewin, 190
Berkhofer, Robert F., Jr., 29
Blood quantum, 3–4, 224; Certificate of
Degree of Indian Blood (cDiB) and,
92; “competency” and, 88–92; Con-
gressional debates on, 4; in General
Allotment Act of 1887, 4; Indian Re-
organization Act of 1934 and, 93; as
measure of authenticity, 6; Member-
ship and, 81–82, 94, 96; Native Alas-
kans and, 4, 39–40; Native Hawaiians
and, 4, 38–39, 92
Index
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