Notes
Introduction
1.
Unbounded
here means not confined to geographic space.
2. See also Terry Stauss and Debra Valentino, "Retribalization and Urban Indian
Communities"; Kurt Peters, "Santa Fe Indian Camp, House 21, Richmond, Califor-
nia"; james Clifford,
Routes;
Ann Fienup-Riordan,
Hunting Tradition in a Changing
World;
Arjun Appadurai,
Modernity at Large.
3. Quotations in this and next paragraph are from the interview with Laverne
Roberts, Los Altos, Calif., 29 November 1993. See, for example, Troy johnson,
The
Occupation of Alcatraz Island.
johnson discusses how urban Indians' takeover of
Alcatraz had social, cultural, and political impacts throughout Indian country, in-
cluding supporting and developing a sense of Indian pride. This is an example of
how urban Indians have started "trends" as discussed by Roberts, influencing reser-
vation and other Native communities.
4. This intellectual interaction between urban and reservation settings would be
an interesting focus of another book.
S. See Paul Chaat Smith and Robert Warrior,
Like a Hurricane;
johnson,
The
Occupation of Alcatraz Island.
Both of these books describe the occupation of AI-
catraz in San Francisco Bay by Native Americans beginning in 1969. This occupa-
tion spurred much more Native political activity throughout Indian country, on
reservations, rural, and urban areas, as well as supported changes in government
policy. See also Peter Matthiessen,
In the Spirit of Crazy Horse.
This book chronicles
the development of the American Indian movement in Minneapolis, which affected
Indians in urban as well as reservation areas.
6. See Paul Chaat Smith and Robert Warrior,
Like a Hurricane;
johnson,
The
Occupation of Alcatraz Island.
7. See Matthiessen,
In the
Spirit
of Crazy Horse.
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