G L O S S A R Y O F H A W A I I A N W O R D S
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Definitions are taken liberally from Mary Kawena Pukui and Samuel H. Elbert’s
Hawaiian Dictionary (1986) and from my own understanding of concepts and terms,
especially as they are understood and used in the context of this book, which may
di√er from usages elsewhere.
‘ahu‘ula feather cloak or cape worn by ali‘i
‘ai to eat; food, starch
‘aikapu eating with kapu, separate eating; religiopolitical sys-
tem in place until 1819, which served as basis for the
hale mua
‘¯ aina land, earth (or ‘‘that which feeds’’)
‘ainoa to eat freely without kapu; event that ended ‘aikapu
system in 1819
akua god, deity
alanui street, road, highway, thoroughfare, waterway, course
ali‘i chief, female chief, ruler, leader
Alo Ali‘i chief’s entourage; at Pu‘ukohol¯a, the groups comprised
of the chiefly descendants
aloha love, a√ection, compassion, mercy, sympathy, pity,
kindness, sentiment, grace, charity. The term is used
with the word ‘¯ aina to denote love of land and country.
‘ano kind, type, character, nature, disposition, sort, way
ao light, day, world of the living, cloud, earth, realm;
enlightened
‘apu coconut shell cup
a‘u swordfish, marlin, spearfish. The bill is used in the
manufacture of p¯ahoa and other mea kaua.
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