INDEX
Note: page numbers followed by a t indicate a table or, if followed by an f, a
figure.
Acacia, 175–76, 184
Acacia modesta, 116
Activists. See Environmental move-
ments
Adas, Michael, 279 n.18
Adat rights, 238, 241–44
Adivasi, 79, 84, 97; autonomy for,
311–12, 316; emerging middle
class, 315; and environmental ac-
tivists, 290–91, 297, 299, 307–9,
317 n.1, 318 n.14; identity as, 303,
309, 316; landholdings, 293–94,
295; as land stewards, 307; leader-
ship of, 309–16; nevad clearings,
294–96, 297, 314; as proletarians,
308, 318 n.15; social welfare of,
293, 297–98, 300, 301, 308, 312–
14; use of forest products, 294;
women’s roles, 307
Afforestation, 4, 20, 174–75, 190–
91, 194 n.10, 262, 356–57
Agency: and environmental change,
116–18, 122 n.28, 123 n.33; for-
mation of, 17; gender roles, 150;
political, 329, 330, 344
Agni (fire god), 108
Agrarian Law (1870; Java), 141
Agrarian policy: and forest law, 280
n.28; Indonesia, 141–42, 239–40;
Java, 139–40, 141; Malaysia, 159
Agrarian rebellions, 154
Agriculture: India, 172, 293–96,
297, 299–300; plantation systems,
141; rice cultivation, 129, 130,
138, 141–43, 157–59, 236–37,
351, 361; robber agriculture, 114;
slash and burn method, 351; ten-
ant farmers, 147–53, 157; Thai-
land, 349, 351, 352, 356–57, 360,
361. See also Swidden systems
Agriculture Department (India), 257
Agro-forestry, 236–37, 244
Akbar, 221
Alienated land (Indonesia), 234, 238,
239
Alien species, and native forests,
170–92
Ali, Salim, 223, 230 n.27
Alirajpur, 291–300, 312–13
Allegory: role of, 20, 124–25, 127,
166 n.6. See also Peasants; Tribes/
tribalism
Ancestral rights, 236, 237–38, 246–
48, 249
Anderson, Benedict, 234–35
Anderson, Warwick, 278–79 n.11
Andolan movement (India), 10, 22,
290, 301, 305–6, 309–10
Animism, 348, 352–53, 354, 364–
65, 366 nn.6, 7
Antidam campaign. See Andolan
movement (India)
Aquino, Corazon, 168 n.24
Aru Islands, 47–71; indigenization re-
bellion, 55, 72–73 n.9; as market-
place, 66–67; nature-culture in, 64–
70, 71; pearl cultivation, 55, 57–59,
68, 72 n.7, 74 n.19, 77 n.36; Quam-
men travels in, 51–64, 70; Wallace
travels in, 47–48, 50–54
Aru Tenggara Marine Reserve, 48,
56–61, 70, 74–75 n.20
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