Epilogue 
Found in Translation
Maeda Hanako, who had taken Bob Sandford’s notion of transforma-
tion through landscape so fully to heart, did not come back to Banff in
2002. In the wake of the attacks of September 11, 2001, many large Japa­
nese tours to North Ame­rica ­ were canceled, and Hanako was told by
the ­ manager, Atsuko-­san, that she could not guarantee that there would
be enough work in the coming season. The news disappointed Hanako
and other former guides who ­were looking forward to becoming part
of Banff’s local community. The situation was also difficult for Atsuko-­
san, who had supported these younger guides as their surrogate mo­ther
in Canada. The ­bitter experience reminded Atsuko-­san, Hanako, and ­
others in the Japa­nese guiding community that the tourism business
is built upon the assumed imagination of a global peace that allows the ­
free movement of ­ people.
Hanako held onto her dream of returning to Banff, but reflecting on
tourism’s vulnerability to global politics, she had second thoughts about
working as a tour guide. While taking care of her sick ­father in Japan,
Hanako became interested in Asian traditional health care. She found a
job as a massage therapist and, at the same time, went to school to study
traditional medicine. ­After years of training, she obtained an acupunc-
turist’s certificate and began working in a clinic in Tokyo. Over several
years, she was seriously torn about ­whether to stay in Japan or go to
Canada again to find a job as an alternative health care practitioner. She
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