. . .
I have relied heavily on the intelligence and generosity of others
while writing this book. At Johns Hopkins, Jennifer Ashton, Sharon
Cameron, Jerome Christensen, J. D. Connor, Tim Dean, Graham
Finlay, Michael Fried, Allen Grossman, Oren Izenberg, Dan McGee,
and Mark McGurd each provided formative assistance and input.
Above all, Frances Ferguson and Walter Michaels were invaluable;
this project would not have been possible without their scruple for
intellectual honesty. At the University of Michigan, in both the So-
ciety of Fellows and the Department of English, I benefited from the
help of Sandra Gunning, Jochen Hellbeck, Andrea Henderson, Kerry
Larson, Alaina Lemon, Mary Mcguire, Barbara Ryan, Rei Terada,
David Thomas, and James Boyd White. Paul Anderson, Eric Guthey,
and Alan Wald were especially generous with their time and learning.
I also wish to thank my readers at Duke, Michael North and Fredric
Jameson, both of whom offered lucid and rigorous comment during
the last stages of this project. Thanks as well to Julian Koslow. Both
of my readers at Duke, Michael North and Fredric Jameson, offered
lucid and rigorous comment during the last stages of this project. I
am also indebted to my colleagues at the New York Americanist
Group: particularly generous with their input were Mary Esteve,
Michael Trask, and, most especially, Sean McCann.
This project could not have been written without generous institu-
tional support from the University of Michigan Society of Fellows
and Fordham University. Very early versions of chapters 2 and 3
appeared, respectively, as ‘‘Inviolate Modernism: Hemingway, Stein,
Tzara,’’ in Modern Language Quarterly 56:4 (December 1995) and
‘‘Wallace Stevens and the Invention of Social Security,’’ Modernism/
Modernity 5:1 (January 1998). I am grateful to the publishers for
their permission to reprint these essays here.