Index
Abolitionism, ideology of, 18, 48–
49, 57–60, 63, 94–95, 126, 137
American Indians, 22, 27, 29, 34–37,
54, 76, 82, 94, 136, 154 n.18; poor
whites compared to, 29–30, 135
Anglo-Saxonism, 119–123. See also
White supremacy
Bacon’s rebellion, 24, 30–31, 151 n.7
Boundaries: class, 27–28, 51–53 (see
also Professionalization; Middle
class, formation of); cultural, 6–
7, 154 n.23, 159 n.6; ethnoracial,
40, 53–55, 76, 119–123, 179 n.15 (see
also Race); gender, 31–32; geo-
graphic, 22, 24–25, 49–53, 150 n.1;
group, 16, 140–141; as moral and
normative, 16, 149 n.22; sexual,
32–33, 66–67, 82, 85; social and
symbolic, 9–15, 46, 83, 148 n.15
Boundary terms, 14, 38, 149 n.19;
multiple meanings of, 23–24, 33,
35, 139
Boundary theory, 2, 7–15, 140–143,
147 n.10, 149 n.18, 161 n.13
Boundary work, 14, 19, 24–25, 68,
82–83, 124, 128, 134, 141, 148 n.14.
See also Social closure
Buck v. Bell, 19, 68, 90–94, 169 n.42
Categories and categorization, 7–9,
23, 120, 138–143, 176 n.4, 178 n.13.
See also Boundary terms
Class, 3, 22, 27, 51–53, 55–57, 146 n.4,
161 n.13 (see also Boundaries,
class; Middle class, formation of;
Professionalization); in Chesa-
peake colonies, 27–28, 152 n.14
Classification. See Categories and
categorization
Clay-eaters. See Dirt-eaters
Cockaigne. See Lubberland
Cognitive schema, 8–9, 137, 148 n.12
Collective representations, 8–9, 39,
63–64, 100, 145 n.3
Consanguinity, 19, 66, 71, 81, 177 n.7
Contempt, 2, 16, 26, 41–42, 45,
53, 55–56, 60, 146 n.3. See also
Disgust
Crackers, culture of, 34–37, 53, 136,
154 n.23; origins of term, 34–39,
154 n.22, 155 nn.24–25
Culture. See Boundaries, cultural
Degeneracy, 19–20, 48–49, 54, 63,
65–73, 80–83, 92, 136–137
Dirt: hookworm disease and, 97–
101; sanitarians and, 111–114,
173 n.17; symbolic importance of,
40, 96, 156 n.28
Dirt-eaters, 39–41, 78, 119, 157 n.29
Disgust, 40–41, 60, 112–114, 125, 132,
136, 163 n.22
Elites: colonial, 22, 26–27, 33; north-
ern, 117–118, 128; southern, 107,
115–117, 124–125
Eugenics: field research and, 19,
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