Inde
accountability: to community develop-
ment needs, 133; definition of, 14–15;
general discussion of, 2, 5; to public
housing needs, 157; within black poli-
tics, 24, 64, 73
ACOG (Atlanta Committee for the Olym-
pic Games), 183
ACOrN (Association of Community
Organizations for Reform Now), 83,
104, 194
ACTION (Amend the Charter to Improve
Our Neighborhoods), 121. See also
“Proposal N” for Neighborhoods
activism. See black grassroots activism;
grassroots activism
AFDC (Aid to Families with Dependent
Children), 97, 104
African American politics: black group
interests, 6, 30–31, 59, 73; constraints
of, 134, 144, 151, 187; early Detroit
history of, 47; economic redistribution
and, 5–6, 30, 32, 47, 68, 102, 114, 143;
electoral and racial, 48, 70, 73–74; ide-
ology and activism of, 115, 143; intersec-
tions of, with economics and gender, 6,
68; in post–civil rights movement era,
26, 196; relationship of, with grassroots
activism, 8, 14, 27, 99, 191; shaping of,
33–34, 64, 73, 77–78, 105, 192
Aid to Families with Dependent Chil-
dren (AFDC), 97, 104
Alinsky, Saul, 53, 55, 103–4
Allen, Charlene, 60, 171
Amend the Charter to Improve Our
Neighborhoods (ACTION), 121. See also
“Proposal N” for Neighborhoods
Archbishop Walsh Homes (Newark),
164, 186
Archer, Dennis, electoral campaign, 166
Archer (Dennis) mayoral administration:
development policies of, 166–67, 169,
171; hiring of grassroots advocates by,
167; new liberal philosophy of, 169;
public housing under, 177; relation of,
to Bill Clinton, 167; Young’s leadership
contrasted with, 172
Association of Black Organizations, 74
Association of Community Organiza-
tions for Reform Now (ACOrN), 83,
104, 194
Atlanta Committee for the Olympic
Games (ACOG), 183
Atlanta Housing Authority, 182
Baker, General, 52, 55, 147, 194
Ball, Zachare, 147
Barrow, Thomas, 74, 130
Barry, Marion, 29, 33, 187
Beatty, Christine, 196
Binford, Elmer, 154
Bivens, Lena, 57, 138
Black Bottom, 41, 47, 71
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