This book has developed slowly, and a great number of people have made
suggestions along the way. Special thanks to Sylvia Molloy, Gerald Martin,
Evelyn Fishburn, Eduardo Paz Leston, Andres Avellaneda and Noe Jitrik
for their challenges to get things right and to three good friends who
generously read multiple versions ofthis work: Gwen Kirkpatrick, Marina
Kaplan, and Francine Masiello. To John Rouse, for help with translations
from the German. To my parents, for allowing me to use their ranch house
near Loyalton, California, during the fall of
where, far from the
"mundanal ruido," I was able to write most of the book, and to Tulane
University for support during that sabbatical semester. To the librarians
(especially Judy Sokol and Jane Dixon of the interlibrary loan staff) at the
University of Nevada-Reno for their good humor and helpfulness. To
Eduardo Santa Cruz for help with the preparation of the index. And to
Reynolds Smith of Duke University Press for seeing this through.
Earlier versions ofsome portions ofthe book have appeared in the follow-
ing journals: bits ofchapters
as "Historical Situations in Borges"
reprinted by permission ofJohns Hopkins University Press;
part ofchapter 3in a Spanish version by Eduardo Paz Leston and Ana Maria
Torres as "Los senderos de 10 historico: Una nueva lectura de Borges" in
Primer Plano) the literary supplement of Ptigina
commentaries by Ricardo Piglia and Nicohis Rosa, reprinted by permission
ofTomas Eloy Martinez and the publishers ofPtigina
a Spanish version of
chapter 5as "Cuento (corto) y cuentas (largas) en 'La escritura del dios' " in a
special journal issue of Cuadernos Hispanoamericanos
permission ofthe Instituto de Cooperacion Iberoamericana.
The map of India appears thanks to the generosity of Professor Josef
Opatrny, director of Latin American Studies at the Charles University in
Prague. It is taken from Johannes Blaeu, Novus Atlas (Amsterdam,
and is reproduced by permission of the Clementinum Library.