Shefter, each of whom played a signiﬁcant role in this undertaking. It was Marty
Shefter’s seminar on political change in the United States that ﬁrst introduced me
development. Meanwhile, Sid Tarrow’s seminar on comparative social movements
inspired me to apply a different theoretical approach to my work, and I also bene-
ﬁted greatly from his sage advice about research methods, the process of writing,
and the academic profession. Finally, Elizabeth became the chairof mydissertation
meet her high standards, and her patience, criticism, and support were invaluable
to me particularly toward the end of this process.
Other scholars who made useful suggestions include: Richard Bensel, Peter
and to all the Cornell graduate students who participated in the informal disserta-
tion colloquium established by Peter Katzenstein. I learned much from my fellow
students, including that my initial research design was too unwieldy.
and especially to Ron Peters,who permitted me to escape some departmental duties
that might have interfered with the completion of this book. Anothercolleague, Jim
Douglas, graciously lent me his scannerat a key moment in the book’s completion.
Part of this work was supported by two Arts and Sciences Junior Faculty Re-