NOTES
Preface
1
On the geography of the valley, and particularly of the Pisco River, see
Instituto Geognifico Militar, "Mapa de la cuenca del rio Pisco" (Peru,
I95 5);
and see especially the colored pencil sketches of the river drawn by the
manager of Hacienda Palto in the early twentieth century, separate unpagi-
nated items in Archivo del Fuero Agrario, Hacienda Palto: correspondencia
y cuentas, I 867-I949 (Lima). Hereafter AFA, Hacienda Palto, Letterbooks.
[Letterbooks is a shortened translation of Correspondencia y cuentas. Ac-
count statements accompanied letters sent by plantation managers to the
owners of the plantation at least once a month.] Unless otherwise noted,
dated letters and statements of account flowed from the plantation manager
to the Lima office of the Aspfllaga family operations.
2
Criticism of the
I969
agrarian reform from the perspective of its effect on
economic structures is in Rosemary Thorp and Geoff Bertram, Growth and
Policy in an Open Economy: Peru, 1890-I977 (New York,
I977),
chaps.
14-I6.
Early social policy critiques were led by Colin Harding, "Land Re-
form and Social Conflict in Peru," in The Peruvian Experiment: Continuity
and Change under Military Rule, ed. Abraham
F.
Lowenthal (Princeton,
N.].,
I975), 220-53;
DESCO, Estado y politica agraria: 4 ensayos (Lima,
I977);
David Guillet, Agrarian Reform and Peasant Economy in Southern
Peru (New York,
I979);
and Cynthia McClintock and Abraham
F.
Lowen-
thal, eds., The Peruvian Experiment Reconsidered (Princeton, N.J.,
I983).
3
Roger Ransom and Richard Sutch appropriately titled their study of
sharecropping in the United States as One Kind of Freedom: The Economic
Consequences of Emancipation (Cambridge,
I977).
4
Jose Maria Caballero, "Sharecropping as an Efficient System: Further An-
swers to an Old Puzzle," in Sharecropping and Sharecroppers, ed. T. J. Byres
(London,
I983), 107-9;
Joseph Reid Jr., "Sharecropping in History and
Theory," Agricultural History
49.2 (1975): 426-40.
Some might argue, as
did Eric Wolf, in Peasants (Englewood Cliffs, N.].,
1955),
that when people
entered the plantations they ceased to be peasants. Wolf later modified his
position: see Magnus Marner, "Latin American 'Landlords' and 'Peasants'
Previous Page Next Page