index
Abc No Rio, 146–47, 152n11, 157,
164n6
Abou- Khalil, Rabih, 15
Abrams, Muhal Richard: and the
AAcm, 85n8, 247, 254; as avant-
garde, 57; on improvisation, 226–
27; as performer, 158, 218
abstract expressionism, 34
academics: and jazz, 19–21, 158
Actuel, 218
Afrika Bambaataa, 237
Afro- Futurism, 4, 48, 192
Afrological, 27n2; and Eurological,
60, 64, 91
Afropunk, 119–20, 134n13
Ake, David, 6, 117, 133n8
Albert, Adrienne, 173–74
Aldcroft, Ken, 181nn2–4
Allen, Geri, 164n10
Allen, Gordon, 181n2
Allen, Marshall, 55, 127
Amador, Michelle, 168–69, 174n1
American Federation of Musicians
(Afm), 142
Amm, 122, 126, 135n15
anarchy, 112–15, 133n5
Anderson, Cat, 48
Anderson, Fred, 65, 85–86nn8–10,
204, 258
Anderson, Iain, 6, 34, 164n7
Anderson, Laurie, 191
Anderson, Marion, 107
Apollinaire, 45–46
architecture: and arts funding, 187–
89
Armstrong, Louis, 21, 41, 53, 56, 259
Arraymusic Studio, 177, 179, 181n2,
181n4, 190
Art Ensemble of Chicago (Aec), 55,
207, 225, 251–52, 258–59; criti-
cisms of, 7, 244
Arts for Arts (AfA)/Vision Festival,
142, 145–46, 148
Association for Improvising Musi-
cians Toronto
(AimToronto), 176–
78, 181n3, 181n5, 190–91, 196n19
Association for the Advancement
of Creative Musicians (AAcm), 7,
25–26, 64–65, 81, 85–86nn8–10,
97, 159, 227, 244–64; as collective,
19, 34, 247–49; conflicts within,
262–63; and creative improvi-
sation, 60, 85n8; and the death
of jazz, 244–45; and education,
249–58; George Lewis’s history
of, 4, 26, 64, 85n8, 133n9, 146–47,
152n13, 227, 245; influence of, 17,
245–46, 248; as a model, 118, 162;
origins of, 247; as political, 258–
59; as recipient of funding, 146,
164n3; structure of, 152n13, 258;
as sustaining improvised music,
244–45
Atavistic Records, 31
Attar, Fariduddin, 92
Attariwala, Parmela, 181n3
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