APPENDIX 1
Federal Forestry Codes, 1926– 2008
Year Observations
1926 Establishes conservationist principles; requires producers
cooperatives
1942 Allows exclusionary management structures such as uiefs
and logging bans (vedas)
1948 Elaboration and clarifi cation of 1942 code; explicitly sup-
presses cooperatives
1960 “Decentralizes” some management to state forestry coun-
cils; allows for paragovernmental corporations
1986 Suppresses uiefs; restricts rental agreements between
communities and timber companies; promotes community
forestry enterprises (1)
1992 Deregulation of forestry by breaking Forest Service
monopoly on management; diminished support for con-
servation; contemplates privatization of ejidal forests (2)
2003 Builds on 1992 code; requires long- term planning mecha-
nisms (e.g., forest districts)
2008 Promotes community forestry within broad management
districts
(1) Complemented by the 1988 Ley General del Equilibrio Ecológico y
la Protección al Ambiente (General Law of Ecological Equilibrium and
Environmental Protection), which provided additional encouragement for
local production under federal foresters’ oversight.
(2) Reformed in 1997 to encourage development of tree plantations.
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