o o o
The National Front is a popular liberation force, a political instrument of re-
generation, it is the path by which France can once again make its mark on
history (Megret 1997).
Catherine Megret is the wife of Bruno Megret, the National Front's secre-
tary-general. Bruno Megret was prevented from running in this by-election
because of campaign irregularities in the 1995 election.
3 The Front leaders interviewed during the summer of 1988 continue to
occupy the most influential positions within the party. For example, of
the party's seven-member Executive Bureau, five were interviewed for this
study; of the party's forty-member Political Bureau, fourteen were inter-
viewed for this study.
4 The National Assembly shifted right in the 1986 elections, left in 1988, back
to the right in 1993, and returned a large Socialist majority to power in 1997.
Chapter 1 The French Far Right: The Legacy of History
1 The National Front was legally created in 1972, but in reality it has inherited
a number of tendencies that are much older.
All material quoted in this manner was collected by the author during face-
to-face interviews with the political elite of the National Front. The inter-
views were conducted in and around Paris during May and June 1988. All
interviews were tape-recorded and transcribed by the author. Respondents
were assured their anonymity would be protected. The author is solely re-
sponsible for all translations.
3 In 1964, Le Pen created a "historical" record company, Societe d'etudes et
de relations publiques
that released recordings of nationalist songs
and speeches. One of the records,
Songs of
the German
a political firestorm during the heart of the Tixier-Vignancour presidential
campaign. In August 1965, Le Pen was charged with being an apologist for
war crimes, for which he eventually received a hefty fine and a suspended
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