Last Rally
While carrying out my fieldwork and writing this book, the terms c
telism and asistencialismo became part of the journalistic and political
course in a way that I could not have fathomed when I set out to resea
this topic three years ago. During the last electoral campaign (),
opposition persistently accused the Peronist government of excha
ing ‘‘favors for votes,’’ of ‘‘using the needs of the people,’’ of ‘‘do
asistencialismo in order to get votes.’’ The manzaneras became the obj
of media attention (newspaper reports and television programs cove
the many facets of their work) as well as the focus of the attacks of
political opposition. Not only did Eva Perón become a best-seller,
more important, her legacy was also constantly discussed as a sourc
Chiche Duhalde’s public image.
In the last Peronist rally I attended (on  July ), Chiche launc
a new (and short-lived) internal faction within the Peronist Party ca
the Evitismo in order to promote hercandidacy fora seat in the nati
parliament (shewas the first candidate on the Peronist ticket in the p
ince of Buenos Aires). More than twenty thousand women—am
them the more than twelve thousand manzaneras—attended that r
which also commemorated the death of Eva (on  July ). In
rally, a singer, her hair bleached and dressed like Eva’s, sang ‘‘Don’t
for Me Argentina,’’ Eva Peron’s grandniece gave a speech highli
ing the role of women in politics, and an ex-actress and member of
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