Notes
Introduction
In William Gibson, Mona
Lisa Overdrive
(New York, 1988). This is the place to regret
the absence from this book of a chapter on cyberpunk, henceforth, for many of us, the
supreme
literary
expression if not of postmodernism, then of late capitalism itself.
2 Achille Bonito-Oliva,
The Italian
Trans-avantgarde (Milan, 1980).
3 Michael Speaks develops this point at some length in his dissertation, "Remodelling
Postmodernism(s): Architecture, Philosophy, Literature."
4 Thus, Jost Hermand's exhaustive inventory of sixties culture, "Pop, oder die These
vom Ende der Kunst" (in Stile, Ismen, Etikketen [Wiesbaden, 1978]), covers virtually
all the formal innovations of the so-called postmodern in advance.
5 See The Political
Unconscious
(Princeton, 1981), pp. 95-98.
6 Cf. Jacques Derrida: "Each time I fall upon this expression 'late capitalism' in texts
dealing with literature and philosophy, it is clear to me that a dogmatic or stereo-
typed statement has replaced analytical demonstration"; in "Some Questions and
Responses;' The
Linguistics
of Writing, Nigel Fabb, Derek Attridge, Alan Durant. and
Colin MacCabe, eds. (New York, 1987), p. 254.
7 See my Late
Marxism:
Adorno, or,
the
Persistence of
the
Dialectic (London, 1990);
the topic deserves extended study. So far I have only found passing references, except
for Giacomo Marramao, "Political Economy and Critical Theory," Telos no. 24 (Sum-
mer 1974); and also Helmut Dubiel, Theory
and Politics
(Cambridge, Mass., 1985).
8 See Karl Marx, The Grundrisse, (in Collected Works, volume 28 [Moscow, 1986]), for
example, pp. 66-67, 97-98, 451.
9 Accounts and versions increasingly abound, of which I will recommend: David Har-
vey, The
Condition
of Postmodernity (Oxford, 1989); Antonio Benitez Rojo, La
Isla
que se repite (Hanover, N.H., 1990); Edward Soja, Postmodern
Geographies
(London,
1989); Todd Gitlin, "Hip-Deep in Postmodernism;'
New
York Times Book
Review,
Nov. 6, 1988; p. 1; and Steven Connor,
Postmodernist
Culture (Oxford, 1989).
10 In a related work (see note 7 above) I have "felt myself able;' as Hayden White might
put it, to adopt the German term
Spiitmarxismus
for the kind of Marxism that might
be appropriate for the new system's moment.
The Cultural Logic of Late Capitalism
Robert Venturi and Denise Scott-Brown,
Learning
from Las Vegas, (Cambridge, Mass.
1972).
2 The originality of Charles Jencks's pathbreaking Language of Post-Modern Architecture
(1977) lay in its well-nigh dialectical combination of postmodern architecture and a
certain kind of semiotics, each being appealed to to justify the existence of the other.
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