1. League of Nations, Traffi c in Women and Children: Summary, Prepared by Secre-
tariat, of Annual Reports for the Year 1930 (Geneva: League of Nations, 1932), 7.
2. Th e photograph was taken by Bourke- White in c. 1946 and is cata logued under
the title “Indian prostitutes peeking out fr. doorways of their brothel” in Lahore.
Although she published widely on her experience of working in India (Bourke-
White 1951, 1963, chapters 24 and 25), this image goes without comment, just as it
does not appear in a collection of Bourke- White’s Indian works (Kapoor 2010).
Most attention is drawn to her famous photographs of Gandhi and of the aft er-
math of partition violence. Th e women depicted on this book’s cover (and the just
visible male in the second room) remain inscrutable.
3. See League of Nations, Commission of Enquiry into Traffi c in Women and Children
in the East: Report to the Council (Geneva: League of Nations, 1932), 344.
4. “Victory in India: Th e Cantonment System Crumbling,” Shield, 3rd ser., 2, no. 2
(1919): 79– 85.
5. Delhi State Archives (henceforth da)/Chief Commissioner’s fi les (henceforth cc)/
7. All India Women’s Conference, Diamond Jubilee, 1927– 87 (All India Women’s Con-
ference, New Delhi, 1987), 27.
8. Nehru Memorial Museum and Library (henceforth nmml)/ Delhi Criminal Inves-
tigation Department fi les/IV/20.