Chapter 1. Marxism, Queer Liberalism, and the Quandary of Two Chinas
1. Duggan, Twilight of Equality?, 50.
2. Warner, The Trouble with Normal, 168.
3. Phelan points out that the logic of homonationalism produces a second-
ary marginalization within “sexual strangers,” who are compelled by the require-
ments of assimilation and group pre sentation to make their bid for entry as “good
homosexuals” by condemning the “bad queers.” Phelan, Sexual Strangers, 115–16.
For new critiques of the alignment between the rise of homonormative politics
and neoliberal values, see the essays in the special issue edited by Murphy, Ruiz,
and Serlin, “Queer Futures.”
4. Ferry, “Rethinking the Mainstream Gay and Lesbian Movement Beyond the
Classroom,” 104, 112.
5. The problems with China’s neoliberal turn are well attested by many
translated works by prominent prc intellectuals, such as Wang Hui, China’s
New Order, 78–137; Wang Hui, The End of the Revolution, 19–66; and Dai Jinhua’s Cin-
ema and Desire, 213–34. Zhang Xudong succinctly summarizes the problem with
China’s neoliberal turn as the dilemma of “how to secure the freedom of a few
against the demands for equality by the many.” Zhang, Postsocialism and Cultural
6. Rofel, Desiring China, 85–110.
7. Rofel, “The Traﬃc in Money Boys,” 426–31.
8. Rofel, Desiring China, 25.
9. Lim, Celluloid Comrades, 24.
10. For examples of this approach, see the collection of essays in Chiang and
Heinrich’s edited volume, Queer Sinophone Cultures.
11. See Tang, Conditional Spaces for a treatment of the spatial conﬁgurations
of desire in neoliberal Hong Kong, and Leung, Undercurrents, for a lucid analysis